Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment / CBIE Working Papers / Environmental Variability and Collective Action: Experimental Insights from an Irrigation Game

Environmental Variability and Collective Action: Experimental Insights from an Irrigation Game

CBIE_WP-2012-007

Abstract

Studies of collective action in commons dilemmas in social-ecological systems typically focus on scenarios in which actors all share symmetric (or similar) positions in relation to the common-pool resource. Many common social-ecological systems do not meet these criteria, most notably, irrigation systems. Participants in irrigation systems must solve two related collective action problems: 1) the provisioning of physical infrastructure necessary to utilize the resource (water), and 2) the asymmetric common-pool resource dilemma where the relative positions of head-enders and tail-enders generate asymmetric access to the resource itself (water). In times of scarcity, head-enders have an incentive to not share water with tail-enders. Likewise, tail-enders have an incentive to not provide labor to maintain the system if they do not receive water. These interdependent incentives may induce a cooperative outcome under favorable conditions. However, how robust is this system of interdependent incentives in the presence of environmental variability that generates uncertainty about water availability either through variation in the water supply itself or through shocks to infrastructure? This paper reports on results from laboratory experiments designed to address this question.

AttachmentSize
PDF icon csid_wp_2012-007.pdf1.68 MB

Published June 20, 2012

J. Marty Anderies, Arizona State University, School of Sustainability

Marco Janssen, Arizona State University, School of Sustainability

Allen Lee, Arizona State University, Center for Behavior, Institutions and the Environment

Hannah Wasserman, Arizona State University, School of Sustainability