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Management of shared or “common pool” resources -- like shared grazing or fishing grounds or the fragile reputation of an industry or profession -- is a hard problem. The possibility that some parties will over consume, pollute or otherwise damage the resource as they extract their personal value from it is always present. To date, researchers have identified basic principles for how humans organize themselves to govern common resources, but these are mostly static principles. This project seeks aims to develop a next-generation understanding: what makes groups successful in changing the institutional rules that govern behavior related to common resources?
Group experiments and agent-based modeling techniques will be used to test how people create formal rules as they interact and how and why rule sets evolve. The spatially explicit real-time experimental environment will allow researchers to test the crafting of formal rules for diverse types of ecologies. Data from experiments are used to develop agent-based models to examine institutional evolution and adaptation in a wider set of typologies of ecologies and constitutional arrangements.
Poteete, A.M., M.A. Janssen and E. Ostrom (2010) Working Together: Collective Action, the Commons and Multiple Methods in Practice, Princeton University Press.
Janssen, M.A. (2010-). Introduction to Agent-Based Modeling. Available electronically at http://www.openabm.org/book/introduction-agent-based-modeling. Tempe, AZ: Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity.
Janssen, M.A. (2010). "Evolution of rules in shedding type of card games," Advances in Complex Systems vol. 13, issue 6.
Janssen, M.A., R. Holahan, A. Lee, E. Ostrom (2010). "Lab experiments for the study of social-ecological systems," Science, 328(5978) p. 613.
Janssen, M.A. and N. Rollins (2012) "Evolution of cooperation in asymmetric commons dilemmas" Journal of Economic Behavior and Organisation vol. 81 issue 1, p. 220.
Janssen, M.A., J.M. Anderies, J.C. Cardenas (2011). "Head-enders as stationary bandits in asymmetric commons: Comparing irrigation experiments in the laboratory and the field."Ecological Economics, vol. 70, issue 9, p. 1590.
Anderies, J.M. and M.A. Janssen (2011). "The fragility of robust social-ecological systems."Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, vol. 21, issue 4, p. 1153.
Janssen, M.A., J.M. Anderies and S. Joshi (2011) "Coordination and cooperation in asymmetric commons dilemmas." Experimental Economics, vol.14, issue 4, p. 547.
Janssen, M.A., J.M. Anderies (2011) "Governing the commons: Learning from field and laboratory experiments." Ecological Economics, vol.70, issue 9, p. 1569.
Anderies, J.M., M.A. Janssen, F. Bousquet, J.C. Cardenas, D. Castillo, M.C. Lopez, R. Tobias, B. Vollan, A. Wutich (2011) "The challenge of understanding decisions in experimental studies of common pool resource governance." Ecological Economics, vol. 70, issue 9, p. 1571.